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Decentralized (Re)production

Copying nowadays is not only frictionless and perfect, the tools for copying are also widely available. Almost everyone has, or has access to, a computer or a smartphone nowadays. And each of these are capable of making digital copies as good (better) and as fast (faster) as (/than) expensive printing-presses in the past. Where printing used to be a centralized, commercial enterprise, copying is now available to all. And any digitized piece of information - once out there - becomes what has been called greased information, and can not be contained any more.

For copyrights, its reach, and its limits, this has profound consequences. Once instituted as business to business regulation, IP was relatively easy to patrol and enforce, because the number of publishers was limited . But as copying became ubiquitous and affordable, it became personal. The fact that IP crosses private physical property is what causes it to intrude into the personal sphere. Every conversation through any digital medium (data-stream) between any two or more people (also the exchange of an USB-stick), is now a potential breach of copyrights. And even the flipping of the page of an e-book invokes copyrights, as for every reading it is copied from disk or RAM to screen-memory. These developments have extended the reach of copyrights enormously.

If all digital conversations are to be eavesdropped upon, this will effectively eliminate not just piracy, but also privacy. Luckily enough, however, it is impossible to scan all conversations for technical reasons (architecture). This because just as encryption can be used in DRM, people can also encrypt their conversations. There already are peer to peer file-sharing networks that are encrypted, such as Freenet (popular with dissidents in China), and OneSwarm (much easier to use) by the University of Washington. These networks don't just hide their data-streams, but also which files are being shared and downloaded, and importantly also by whom. This makes it impossible to stop them without a total ban on encryption and ubiquitous policing of every communication and computer.

Current IP-laws, with their reach extended over every communication, are thus unenforceable without giving up or curtailing many important civil rights, such as privacy and free speech. Maybe enforcing IP would even neccesitate giving up aspects of globalisation, as the global internet crosses borders and erodes jurisdictions over IP, which makes enforcement even harder. Thus assuming the maintenance of privacy, IP is unlikely to work even for publishers, as being unenforceable, it is not likely to continue to provide a reliable source of payment. If IP persists it either must be kept up by norms, like any effective law, or be limited again to the business-sphere.

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avatar by: Anonymous ...

No question this is the place to get this info, thnaks y'all.

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